Year 2

Curriculum Overview for Year 2

 

Please click the button below for a termly overview of the curriculum topics that will be covered in Year 2.


Curriculum Information for Parents

The table below provides a more detailed overview of the curriculum, the specific topics to be covered, as well as practical ideas to help support your child’s learning at home.

SPRING TERM
SUBJECT OVERVIEW OF LEARNING IDEAS FOR LEARNING AT HOME
MATHS

Measurement: Money Recognise and use symbols of pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value. Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money. Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.

Geometry- properties of shape Identify and describe the properties of 2D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line. Identify and describe the properties of 3D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces. Identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid.] Compare and sort common 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects. Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.

Number – fractions Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, ¼, 2/4 and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity. Write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3 Recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and ½.

Why not use some spare change to help your child to make different amounts of money, or make the same amount of money in lots of different ways. Can your child tell you about the shape of objects in and around their home and talk about the 2D and 3D shape properties? Fractions can be a tricky concept and children often understand them best in a practical context – encourage your child to recognise fractions all around them: when eating pizza or sharing out sweets maybe!
ENGLISH

This term will start with a whole school writing project. This is a lovely opportunity for the children to work with others across the school. They will join together with other children from each year group to listen to and learn one of our classic nursery rhymes. Back in class, the children will share each other’s nursery rhymes and then each class will produce writing about the nursery rhymes based on different genres. In Year 2, the children will be retelling their nursery rhymes in character as a diary entry. At the end of the project, the children will meet in their mixed groups to share their work.

Our next text will be ‘Traction Man Is Here’ by Mini Grey. We are sure that the children will love the humour of this entertaining tale about an action hero toy who patrols the house in his many stylish outfits saving toys, searching the sink for the lost wreck of the sieve and rescuing damsels in distress. After reading and discussing the story, the children will plan and write their own 3 part story, focussing on using accurate punctuation and expanded noun phrases to describe characters and settings in more detail. They will continue to focus on reading and spelling common exception words and using their phonic knowledge to spell other words correctly.

We will then be focusing our learning around traditional tales, specifically Jack and the Beanstalk. The children will look at the ‘Rule of Three’, making stories more interesting for the reader, as well as description in terms of opposite, comparative and superlative. After they have retold the tale in their own words, they will change a character’s personality to the opposite (e.g. the selfish, unfriendly giant becomes a kind and caring giant) and will explore how this could change the events and ending of the story.

Keep practising handwriting as well as using capital letters and full stops accurately. Spelling homework is also very important, as well as continuing to practise those commonly used words.

 

Why not ask your child to make up a story using one of their own toys? What adventure might they go on around the house and garden? How imaginative can they be? How could they describe the adventure?

 

Read, retell and act out different traditional tales, such as The Enormous Turnip, Goldilocks and the Three Bears, The Three Little Pigs, etc.

SCIENCE

 

 

This term’s science topic is ‘Mini Worlds’, through which the children will learn more about the uses of everyday materials as well as learning about living things and their habitats. The children will explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive and will be able to identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited, describing how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other. They will study and observe a variety of plants and animals in the local habitat, including micro-habitats.  The children will also find out about how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identifying and naming different sources of food. This is a great website for simple science experiments to do together at home:

http://www.sciencefun.org/kidszone/experiments

 

Why not have a look in your garden and compare the minibeasts living in different microhabitats? Why do you think this is?

HISTORY

The Railways and Steam Locomotives: The children will explore what trains are like today, including finding out about Darlington train station nowadays, comparing this with what rail transport used to be like and what it was used for (i.e. transporting goods from the mines to the ports). They will learn about the importance of key individuals in the early days of steam engines and locomotives, including Thomas Savery and George Stephenson, and visit Head of Steam to see Locomotion No 1 and enhance their learning by seeing and handling objects used on railways in the past. The children will learn about the importance of Darlington in the development of the railways and steam engines, as well as learning about famous steam engines such as The Flying Scotsman and The Mallard, imagining what it would be like to be the steam train driver of one of these trains. The National Railway Museum in York is a great place to visit to enhance your child’s learning about this topic. Their website also has lots of great information about their collections too.

https://www.railwaymuseum.org.uk

GEOGRAPHY

 

Linked with our history topic, Year 2 will be studying the UK, specifically locating Darlington and noticing the key human and physical features shown on maps and aerial photographs, as well as using digital mapping such as Google Maps. They will learn about the 4 points of the compass, and different symbols used on maps and in atlases to locate, for example, railway lines. They will use this to plot the route of the original Darlington to Stockton railway line. Use Google Maps to explore different areas in the locality, noticing places with more buildings (urban areas) and comparing this with countryside. This also links with our science work based around habitats.
DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY

 

In conjunction with their history topic, the children will be investigating how wheels and axels can be made and used for different purposes. As part of the children’s science work this term, they will also be investigating, designing, creating and evaluating a habitat for a ‘pet rock’ and a bug hotel.
ART The children will be focusing on textiles and their skills in weaving this term. They will experiment with different materials before applying their skills to create an Easter card.
RE This term the children will be exploring the Christian theme of belonging. They will talk about the Christian ceremony of baptism and explore the special words, actions and objects used. They will learn being baptised is one way to show commitment to God and belonging to the Christian church. They will also reflect on who they belong to and how they show this. They will have the opportunity to think about their feelings and experiences of belonging and how they can help others belong. As Easter approaches, the children will re-visit the story of Easter and think about how Christians remember these events and celebrate them today. If your child has been baptised, do they have photographs or a baptismal candle that they could bring to share with the class? Encourage your child to think about what else they belong to and how they show that: family, friendship groups, clubs.
PE Gymnastics: To begin this term in PE we will be taught how to roll in different ways including an egg, log and teddy bear roll. They will learn to link actions to copy and create movement sequences, which they will perform to each other, evaluate and improve. This links in with our geography work by asking the children to think about how they might make shapes with their bodies that express different landscapes and cityscapes.

Dance: This unit will encourage the children to think about the speed, weight and size of their movements in the context of toys from the past and present. They will work in different formations, synchronizing their movements with their partner’s and within larger groups. They will move to different rhythms, speed up and slow down and use their own bodies to produce rhythms. They will move on to holding rigid formations to a steady beat. They will copy and improvise movement patterns putting them together to build motifs of their own to convey ideas. They will be able to describe their own and other’s movements and suggest improvements as they watch each other perform.

Please ensure that your child remembers to bring their PE kit every Monday. We will be outside in all weathers (within reason) so warm tracksuit, waterproof, hat and gloves are also needed as we head into winter.
PSHE

 

This term, the children will be learning about how to stay safe and people who can help us. This will include learning about household safety as well as stranger danger and road safety. They will learn about safer strangers such as police officers.

The children will also be learning about honesty and the consequences of not being honest. This will be followed by learning about money, where it comes from and what it can be used for.

MUSIC The children will build on the range of songs learned last term, widening their repertoire to include more challenging songs.

They will practise following a conductor to sing louder/softer or to include solo or small group parts within a song. The children will begin to discuss songs using musical vocabulary, such as pitch and volume. They will continue to listen carefully to others when they perform, offering positive feedback on what they see/hear and will all have the opportunity to gain confidence when singing with the microphone. There will be a singing performance for parents at the end of the first half term – see diary dates for details.

COMPUTING The children will continue to develop their skills in changing the font style, size and colour and simple on screen editing and importing graphics, applying this to Microsoft Word as well as PowerPoint to present information they have learnt in other areas of the curriculum.

The children will also continue to learn about ways they can stay safe online, recognising websites that are good for them to visit and knowing when they need to tell an adult about something they see or hear online.

Please encourage your child to be safe when online and keep an eye on our facebook and twitter pages for advice to parents regarding online safety for children. Use apps that support their learning. There are lots of amazing free apps and websites!

 


 

AUTUMN TERM
SUBJECT OVERVIEW OF LEARNING IDEAS FOR LEARNING AT HOME
MATHS Place Value: Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words; recognise place value of each digit in a two digit number; identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations including the number line; compare and order numbers 0 -100; use <, > and = signs.; use place value and number facts to solve problems; count in steps of 2, 3 and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward.

Addition & subtraction: Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20, derive and use related facts up to 100; add and subtract numbers mentally and using objects/pictures; show that the addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot; solve problems with addition and subtraction using objects and pictures and apply their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods; recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

Money: Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value; find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money; solve simple problems including giving change.

Multiplication & division: Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times tables, including recognising odd and even numbers; calculate within the times tables using the x, ÷ and = signs; show that the multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot; solve problems using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods and multiplication and division facts,

Encourage your children to practise their times tables at home as this will significantly benefit their learning in various areas of Maths. Remember, your child has a login for Times Tables Rock Stars, which is a great online resource and app to help increase speed in answering multiplication questions.

 

Why not use some spare change to help your child to make different amounts of money, or make the same amount of money in lots of different ways.

ENGLISH Year 2 will be reading the book by A. A. Milne about the many adventures of Winnie-the-Pooh in the first half of this term, finding out about the world’s favourite bear. We will be reading stories in which Pooh gets into a tight place, nearly catches a woozle, and discovers the wrong sort of honey – amongst other things! The children will be discussing the characters and events and describing various characters from the book, learning the meaning of new words and improving their vocabulary. They will be retelling familiar stories from the book, practising writing in the first person, writing in character as Winnie-the-Pooh and learning to use exclamation sentences as well as including a range of conjunctions in their writing. Towards the end of the book, we will be writing a letter to Eeyore to try and cheer him up, and finally inventing our own adventure for Winnie-the-Pooh, with a new character who comes to the Hundred Acre Wood.

We will then make friends with another bear – this time one from Darkest Peru! The classic story by Michael Bond, A Bear Called Paddington, will inspire and extend our learning about story-telling and setting description, as well as linking with our history topic about The Great Fire of London, so we can compare the London Paddington knows with London in 1666. Who knows?! We may even receive a letter from Paddington asking us to write back and tell him about the history of London!

Other bear stories we love:

SCIENCE Healthy Me’ This term we will be thinking about how to keep our bodies and minds healthy. The children will learn more about what kinds of foods help us to stay healthy, why exercise is good for us, why personal hygiene is important to keep us healthy and how to keep ourselves safe and happy. They will be gathering and recording data about their favourite healthy snacks, writing instructions for a keep fit playground game and linking to art by creating their own self-portraits.

‘Materials Monster’ In this topic, the children will be identifying and comparing the suitability of a variety of everyday materials. They will look at materials in our environment and investigate the properties of everyday materials – are they squashable, bendable, twistable, stretchable, waterproof? They will use their observations and findings to compare the suitability of different materials for different purposes. They will also learn about basic recycling processes and how recycling can benefit our environment.

This is a great website for simple science experiments to do together at home:

http://www.sciencefun.org/kidszone/experiments

 

HISTORY ‘Children and Toys Past and Present’ The children will further develop their awareness and understanding of the past by investigating toys from different time periods within living memory. They will use a variety of sources to help them compare toys, thinking about the similarities and differences between them and what this tells us about how children lived and played in the past compared to the present day.

‘The Great Fire of London’ In this topic the children will be thinking about a significant event and person from beyond living memory. They will ask the question how do know about the great fire of London when it happened so long ago and use a variety of sources, including Samuel Pepys’ diary, to find out how and why the fire started and how it spread. They will investigate the way people lived at that time and be able to describe how London has changed, including its buildings, people and transport.

You could talk about the toys you played with when you were a child, as well as grandparents’ toys, thinking about the similarities and differences between them.
GEOGRAPHY

 

In our geography learning this term we will revisit our knowledge of the countries and capital cities of the UK and extend this to include other key locations and well-known physical and human landmarks, such as major cities, rivers, mountains coastal areas and islands. The children will continue to practise using an atlas effectively and the compass points to describe the location. They will also compare aerial and ground photographs of different places.
DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY In conjunction with their history topic about toys, the children will be investigating, designing, creating and evaluating their own soft toy. This will take the form of either a hand puppet or a stuffed toy. The children will be developing their skills in using templates to cut fabric to the correct size, using a needle and thread to secure the fabric in position, and being creative with materials to make different features on their toy. Perhaps your child could practise the skills they have learnt at school to make a puppet or soft toy for a younger sibling or a friend for Christmas.
RE Firstly this term, the children will learn about Hinduism. They will find out where and when Hinduism was founded and learn about some of the main beliefs, including the different gods and goddesses Brahma, Vishnu, Parvati and Ganesha. They will also learn about the Hindu temple and holy books and will find out about different festivals such as Diwali and how Hindus celebrate these. As we approach Christmas, the children will learn about the symbols of light in the Christmas story (star, angels) and other ways in which light is used as a symbol at Christmas (halo, candles). They will learn about the Christingle symbol and its meaning and will be encouraged to reflect on their own feelings and experiences about light. There are some lovely videos and stories about Hinduism on the BBC Bitesize website.

Perhaps you could make Christingles together at home and ask your child to explain to you what the different parts of it symbolise. Details of Christingle services will be on your local church websites.

PE In our PE lessons the children will be exploring throwing and catching. They will learn how to throw a ball/beanbag with accuracy, how to catch a ball/beanbag with some control and develop their awareness of space. The children will also be observing, describing and copying what others are doing and will be learning how to work collaboratively with a partner.

The children will also be exploring creative play with an aim of creating their own outdoor games. The children will learn how to work collaboratively in a group. They will also develop their decision making, problem solving and thinking skills. With our gymnastics coach, the children will be practising controlling and performing a range of balances and jumps.

Please ensure that your child remembers to bring their PE kit every Monday. We will be outside in all weathers (within reason) so warm tracksuit, waterproof, hat and gloves are also needed as we head into winter.
PSHE

 

Linking with their science topic, the children will begin the term learning about how to keep their bodies healthy. This includes healthy eating and exercise as well as emotional wellbeing. This will include work around individuality as well as learning about the different emotions we might feel. This will lead on to learning techniques to manage our feelings and who we can talk to about these. Find out more about anti-bullying week at:

www.anti-bullyingalliance.org.uk/anti-bullying-week

MUSIC The children will learn a range of songs, chants and rhymes – singing with confidence and enjoyment. They will practise being able to stand still and sing sensitively or sing louder and with movement when appropriate and to listen carefully to others when they perform, offering positive feedback on what they see/hear. All children will have the opportunity to sing on the microphone. After half term, the children will be working towards their nativity performance and the whole school Christmas carol service. The KS1 nativity for parents will be on 12th December at 2:15pm.

Our Christmas carol service at All Saint’s Church will be on 19th December at 10am.

Please come along to both if you can.

COMPUTING We will start the year thinking about how to keep ourselves safe online by understanding that being safe when they visit websites is similar to staying safe in real life; learning to recognize websites that are good for them to visit and recognising if they should ask an adult they trust before they visit a particular website. Over the term, the children will be practising and developing their key skills such as changing the font style, size and colour, using the cursor (arrow) keys for simple on screen editing and importing graphics. They will use also Powerpoint to present research linked to their history topic.

 

Please encourage your child to be safe when online and keep an eye on our facebook and twitter pages for advice to parents regarding online safety for children. Use apps that support their learning. There are lots of amazing free apps and websites!